EDEN IAS

CABINET COMMITTEES | GS ARTICLES

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>The following are the features of Cabinet Committees: </b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>1. They are extra-constitutional in emergence. In other words, they are not mentioned in the Constitution. However, the Rules of Business provide for their establishment.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>2. They are of two types&ndash;standing and ad hoc. The former are of a permanent nature while the latter are of a temporary nature. The ad hoc committees are constituted from time to time to deal with special problems. They are disbanded after their task is completed.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>3. They are set up by the Prime Minister according to the exigencies of the time and requirements of the situation. Hence, their number, nomenclature, and composition varies from time to time</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>4. Their membership varies from three to eight. They usually include only Cabinet Ministers. However, the non-cabinet Ministers are not debarred from their membership.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>5. They not only sort out issues and formulate proposals for the consideration of the Cabinet, but also take decisions. However, the Cabinet can review their decisions.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>6. They are an organisational device to reduce the enormous workload of the Cabinet. They also facilitate in-depth examination of policy issues and effective coordination. They are based on the principles of division of labour and effective delegation.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>The following four are the more important cabinet committees: </b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>1. The Political Affairs Committee deals with all policy matters pertaining to domestic and foreign affairs.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>2. The Economic Affairs Committee directs and coordinates the governmental activities in the economic sphere.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>3. Appointments Committee decides all higher level appointments in the Central Secretariat, Public Enterprises, Banks and Financial Institutions.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>4. Parliamentary Affairs Committee looks after the progress of government business in the Parliament.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>The first three committees are chaired by the Prime Minister and the last one by the Home Minister. Of all the Cabinet Committees, the most powerful is the Political Affairs Committee, often described as a &ldquo;Super-Cabinet&rdquo;.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>Group of Ministers:</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<ol>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>In addition to cabinet committees, several Groups of Ministers (GoMs) are constituted to look into different issues / subjects.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&nbsp;Some of these GoMs are empowered to take decisions on behalf of the Cabinet whereas the others make recommendations to the Cabinet</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>The institution of GoMs has become a viable and effective instrument of coordination among the ministries.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-bottom:8px; margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&nbsp;These are ad hoc bodies formed to give recommendations to the cabinet on certain emergent issues and critical problem areas. Ministers heading the concerned ministries are inducted into the relevant GoMs and when the advice is crystallised they are disbanded.</span></span></span></span></li>
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