EDEN IAS

Bio-Diversity & Environment

India’s need to curb black carbon emissions

Why in News black carbon emissions: During the COP26 climate conference held in Glasgow in November 2021, India committed to reaching net-zero emissions by 2070, establishing itself as a leader in the pursuit of carbon neutrality. While strategies aimed at mitigating carbon dioxide black carbon emissions promise long-term advantages, it’s crucial to complement them with …

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Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Nanoscience and Nanotechnology involve the investigation and application of extremely small constituents. This field involves the study of materials at the nanometer scale, typically ranging between 1 and 100 nanometers. These materials exhibit distinctive optical, magnetic, or electrical characteristics. Instances of nanoscale particles comprise: Ultrafine particulate matter Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Nanoparticles Various industrial fields …

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Madagascar cyclone ‘Gamane’

Why in News Madagascar cyclone ‘Gamane’: Recently, the disaster management office of Madagascar reported that a tropical cyclone named Gamane, which traversed the island, resulted in the deaths of at least 18 individuals and the displacement of thousands more. Overview of Madagascar Geographic Location: Situated in the Indian Ocean off the coast of East Africa, …

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The Silent Threat: Ocean Acidification and its Urgency

Why is Ocean Acidification in the News? Our oceans, vast and seemingly boundless, are facing a silent, insidious threat: acidification. While news headlines often focus on visible environmental challenges like deforestation or plastic pollution, ocean acidification remains a less-understood, yet equally grave danger to the world’s marine ecosystems and, consequently, to the planet itself. Recent …

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ACID RAIN

Introduction of Acid Rain: Rain or any other type of precipitation with an extremely high concentration of hydrogen ions (low pH) refers to as acid rain. The neutral pH of most water, including drinking water, is between 6.5 and 8.5; acid rain, on the other hand, typically has a pH between 4-5. The pH of …

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UNFCCC- COP 28

Why in the news COP 28? At the 28th Conference of Parties (COP-28), which was held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, delegates from 197 nations showcased their efforts to mitigate global warming and participated in deliberations for forthcoming climate measures. Although there were some disappointing results from the summit, overall it was a significant improvement over …

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MEASURES OF NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING (NIA)

Introduction to National Income Accounting: In economics, a number of national income accounting and output metrics use to estimate the total amount of economic activity in a nation or region. These metrics include net national income accounting (NNI), GDP, GNP, adjusted national income (NNI adjusted for natural resource depletion – also called NNI at factor …

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EUTROPHICATION

Introduction to Eutrophication: Eutrophos, which means “well-nourished” in Greek, is where the word “eutrophication” originates. Extremely low-nutrient water bodies refers to as oligotrophic, and moderate-nutrient water bodies calls mesotrophic. Dystrophic and hypertrophic conditions other names for advance eutrophication. Both freshwater and saltwater systems are susceptible to eutrophication. Excess phosphorus is nearly invariably the culprit in …

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CLIMATE ENGINEERING

Why in the News Climate Engineering? UNESCO released its first ever report on the ethics of climate engineering. What is Climate Engineering? Climate engineering, or geoengineering, refers to intentional alterations made to the Earth’s natural systems with the aim of mitigating the effects of climate change. This encompasses methods such as Carbon Dioxide Removal (the …

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WHAT IS ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)?

Introduction to Environment Impact Assessment: It is the assessment of the environmental consequences of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. In this context, the term “Environment Impact Assessment” usually use when applying to actual projects by individuals or companies and the term “Strategic Environmental Assessment” …

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