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Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 14TH OCTOBER 2022

SourceIndian Express

Question 9: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Supreme Court collegium is a five-member body, which is headed by the incumbent Chief Justice of India (CJI).
  2. Names that are recommended for appointment by a High Court collegium reaches the government only after approval by the CJI and the Supreme Court collegium.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The Supreme Court collegium is a five-member body, which is headed by the incumbent Chief Justice of India (CJI) and comprises the four other senior most judges of the court at that time.
  • A High Court collegium is led by the incumbent Chief Justice and four other senior most judges of that court.
  • By its very nature, the composition of the collegium keeps changing, and its members serve only for the time they occupy their positions of seniority on the Bench before they retire.
  • Names that are recommended for appointment by a High Court collegium reaches the government only after approval by the CJI and the Supreme Court collegium.
  • The role of the government in this entire process is limited to getting an inquiry conducted by the Intelligence Bureau (IB) if a lawyer is to be elevated as a judge in a High Court or the Supreme Court.
  • The government can also raise objections and seek clarifications regarding the collegium’s choices, but if the collegium reiterates the same names, the government is bound, under Constitution Bench judgments, to appoint them as judges.

Question 10: Consider the following statements with respect to the wagon tragedy:

  1. The wagon tragedy was an incident which occurred during the Malabar rebellion against British colonial rule in India that led to the deaths of 70 Indian prisoners.
  1. Following the Malabar rebellion, 100 Mappila prisoners who had been taken into custody were ordered by the colonial authorities to be transferred from the Malabar Coast to Podanur.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

Question 11: Consider the following statements:

  1. ‘Triple dip’ La Nina is a phenomenon lasting across three winter seasons in the northern hemisphere.
  1. This is only the third time since 1950 that a triple dip La Nina has been observed.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

    • India is seeing an extended spell of the La Nina, called a ‘triple dip’ La ‘Triple dip’ La Nina is a phenomenon lasting across three winter seasons in the northern hemisphere.
    • This is only the third time since 1950 that a triple dip La Nina has been observed.
    • As per World Meteorological Organization, it is likely that the protracted La Niña event will last until at least the end of the year, becoming this century’s first “triple-dip“La Nina.

Question 12: Consider the following statements:

  1. India has no manufacturing capacity for solar wafers and polysilicon ingots, and currently imports 100% of silicon wafers.
  2. India has added significant Solar photovoltaics capacity over the past decade, achieving over 50 GW by 2022.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • Solar photovoltaics (PV) has driven India’s push towards the adoption of cleaner energy generation technologies. From less than 10 MW in 2010, India has added significant PV capacity over the past decade, achieving over 50 GW by 2022.
  • By 2030, India is targeting about 500 GW of renewable energy deployment, out of which ~280 GW is expected from solar PV.
  • India has no manufacturing capacity for solar wafers and polysilicon ingots, and currently imports 100% of silicon wafers and around 80% of cells even at the current deployment levels.

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