EDEN IAS

Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 19TH OCTOBER 2022

Question 25: Consider the following statements:

  1. Only those people who were already getting subsidized foodgrains can get free foodgrains under the PM-GKAY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana).
  2. The National food security act aims at ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to 50 per cent of the urban and 75 per cent of the rural population of the country.
  3. Under NFSA, the number of persons to be covered in rural and urban areas of a state shall be calculated on the basis of Census figures are from 2011.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1,2 and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • The NFSA is a right-based scheme under a law of Parliament, while the PM-GKAY is a scheme announced by the executive as a top-up to the entitlements of beneficiaries covered under the NFSA.
  • So, only those people who were already getting subsidized foodgrains can get free foodgrains under the PM-GKAY. The PM-GKAY provides additional benefits to NFSA beneficiaries but does not cover additional beneficiaries beyond the accepted limit of 81.35 crore persons under the NFSA.
  • The NFSA, enacted by the UPA government in 2013, aims at ensuring “access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices” to 50 per cent of the urban and 75 per cent of the rural population of the country. The overall national coverage of the NFSA is about 67.5 per cent.
  • Section 9 of the NFSA states that the number of persons to be covered in rural and urban areas of a state shall be calculated on the basis of population estimates as per the Census of which the relevant figures have been published.
  • The latest published Census figures are from 2011 and based on that about 81.35 crore people can be covered by the NFSA.
  • There are two categories of beneficiary households under the NFSA — the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households, and the Priority Households (PHs). Each AAY household is entitled to 35 kg of foodgrains every month irrespective of the number of members in the household. PHs are entitled to receive foodgrains according to the number of family Each member of a PH is entitled to receive 5 kg of foodgrains every month under the NFSA.
  • The PM-GKAY is a scheme under which the government provides free foodgrains — 5 kg per person per month — to eligible beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013. This is over and above their monthly entitlement under the NFSA.

Question 26: Consider the following statements:

  1. According to the UAPA, after the Centre declares an organization “unlawful”, its notification must reach the tribunal within 60 days to adjudicate “whether or not there is sufficient cause” for the move.
  2. The tribunal consists of only one person, who has to be a High Court Judge.
  3. All expenses incurred for a tribunal are borne out of the Consolidated Fund of India.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1,2 and 3

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • The Popular Front of India (PFI), declared an “unlawful association” under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) by the Centre, will now have the option to present its case before a tribunal that must confirm the government notification for the ban to continue. 
  • The UAPA provides for a tribunal under a High Court judge to be constituted by the government for its bans to have long-term legal sanctity. 
  • Orders to declare an organization as “unlawful” are issued by the Centre under Section 3 of the UAPA. The provision says that “no such notification shall have effect until the tribunal has, by an order made under Section 4, confirmed the declaration made therein and the order is published in the Official Gazette”.
  • According to Section 4 of the UAPA, after the Centre declares an organization “unlawful”, its notification must reach the tribunal within 30 days to adjudicate “whether or not there is sufficient cause” for the move.
  • After this, the tribunal calls upon the association, by notice in writing, to show cause within 30 days why it should not be declared Once this is done, the tribunal holds an inquiry and decides the matter within six months
  • The tribunal consists of only one person, who has to be a High Court judge. If a vacancy (other than a temporary absence) occurs in the Tribunal, the Centre appoints another judge, and the proceedings continue from the stage at which the vacancy is filled.
  • The Centre is to provide to the tribunal such staff as necessary for the discharge of its functions.
  • All expenses incurred for a tribunal are borne out of the Consolidated Fund of India.

Question 27: Consider the following statements:

  1. Tokenization refers to the replacement of actual card details with a unique alternate code called the ‘token’.
  2. The customer will be charged for availing the tokenization service. 
  3. The facility for card tokenization was available only for mobile phones and tablets of interested card holders.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1 and 2

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

  • Tokenization refers to the replacement of actual card details with a unique alternate code called the ‘token’, which shall be unique for a combination of card, token requester, (i.e., the entity which accepts requests from the customer for tokenization of a card and passes it on to the card network to issue a corresponding token) and the device.
  • In September 2021, the RBI prohibited merchants from storing customer card details on their servers with effect from January 1 2022 and mandated the adoption of card-on-file (COF) tokenization as an alternative. Subsequently, the deadline was extended till September 30, 2022.
  • The customer will not be charged for availing the tokenization service. 
  • Earlier, the facility for card tokenization was available only for mobile phones and tablets of interested card holders. Subsequently, with an uptick in tokenization volume, the RBI decided to extend the scope of tokenization to include consumer devices – laptops, desktops, wearables (wrist watches, bands,) and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.

Question 28: Consider the following statements regarding FSSAI’s draft notification for the ‘Indian Nutrition Rating (INR):

  1. Food such as milk and milk products, whey, butter oil, ghee, fresh and frozen meat, and sweeteners will not have to display the star rating.
  2. Carbonated beverages without any energy will not be eligible for declaring the rating.
  3. The INR system rates the overall nutritional profile for packaged food by assigning it a rating from 0.5 star (least healthy) to 5 stars (healthiest).

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1,2 and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • Food such as milk and milk products, whey, butter oil, ghee, vegetable oil and fat, fresh and frozen fruit and vegetables, fresh and frozen meat, egg, fish, flour, and sweeteners will not have to display the star rating.
  • Carbonated beverages without any energy or sugar will also not be eligible for declaring the rating.
  • Items will be given scores based on contribution of energy and content of saturated fat, sugar, sodium, fruit and vegetables (FV), nuts, legumes, and millets (NLM), dietary fibre, and protein per 100 gm of solid or 100 ml liquid foods. Solid food with a score of more than 25 will be given 0.5 stars, and those with a score less than – (minus) 11 will get 5 stars.
  • The INR system rates the overall nutritional profile for packaged food by assigning it a rating from ½ star (least healthy) to 5 stars (healthiest).

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