EDEN IAS

Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 1ST NOVEMBER 2022

Question 29: Consider the following statements:

  1. One person can vote at one constituency only and only for one time in a particular election.
  2. The person under preventive custody had the right to vote.
  3. The person serving sentences less than 2 years to contest elections from prison.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • One person can vote at one constituency only and only for one time in a particular election.
  • If a person is confined in a prison, whether under a sentence of imprisonment or transportation, then he is not eligible for voting, however, in the case of preventive custody, he can vote.
  • In 2014, the ECI had said that the person under preventive custody had the right to vote, but not under-trials and convicts.
  • However, the    Act    allows    those     serving    sentences less    than    2 years to contest elections from prison.

Question 30: TVS-2M Nuclear Fuel supplied to India by which of the following country:

  1. USA
  2. Russia
  3. Japan
  4. Canada

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

Russia has supplied the first batches of more reliable and cost-efficient nuclear fuel over the existing one, the TVS-2M nuclear fuel, to India for the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP).

What is TVS-2M Nuclear Fuel?

  • The TVS-2M FAs contain gadolinium-oxide which is mixed with U-235 enrichments.
  • The core does not contain BARs (Burnable Absorbers Rods).

Question 31: Consider the following statements:

  1. Parliamentary Committees draw their authority from Article 105, which deals with the privileges of MPs.
  2. There are 16 Departmentally Related Standing Committees for Lok Sabha and eight for Rajya Sabha.
  3. An invitation to appear before a Parliamentary Committee is equivalent to a summons from a court.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • A Parliamentary Committee is a panel of MPs that is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker, and which works under the direction of the It presents its report to the House or to the Speaker.
  • Parliamentary Committees have their origins in the British Parliament. They draw their authority from Article 105, which deals with the privileges of MPs, and Article 118, which gives Parliament authority to make rules to regulate its procedure and conduct of business.
  • The Financial Committees include the Estimates Committee, Public Accounts Committee, and the Committee on Public Undertakings. These committees were constituted in 1950.
  • Seventeen Departmentally Related Standing Committees came into being in 1993, when Shivraj Patil was Speaker of Lok Sabha, to examine budgetary proposals and crucial government policies.
  • Committees like the Railway Convention Committee, Committee on Food Management and Security in Parliament House Complex, etc. come under the category of Ad hoc Committees.
  • Parliament has only around 100 sittings a year; Committee meetings are independent of Parliament’s calendar.
  • Also, because the discussions are confidential and off-camera, party affiliations usually do not come in the way of MPs speaking their minds in ways they are unable to do in Parliament, whose proceedings are telecast live, and members are often constrained to speak to their constituencies.
  • There are 16 Departmentally Related Standing Committees for Lok Sabha and eight for Rajya Sabha; however, every Committee has members from both Houses. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha panels are headed by members of these respective houses.
  • Among the important Lok Sabha panels are Agriculture; Coal; Defense; External Affairs; Finance; Communications & Information Technology; Labour; Petroleum & Natural Gas; and Railways. The important Rajya Sabha panels include Commerce; Education; Health & Family Welfare; Home Affairs; and Environment.
  • An invitation to appear before a Parliamentary Committee is equivalent to a summons from a court: If one cannot come, he or she has to give reasons, which the panel may or may not accept. However, the chairman should have the support of the majority of the members to summon a witness.
  • Reports of Departmentally Related Standing Committees are recommendatory in They are not binding on the government, but they do carry significant weight.

 

Question 32: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) is an autonomous and single window nodal agency in the Department of Space for the promotion, encouragement and regulation of space activities of both government and private entities.
  2. Antrix Corporation Limited is a wholly owned Government of India Company under the administrative control of the Department of Space.
  3. New Space India Limited (NSIL) is engaged in providing Space products and services to international customers worldwide.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

The Prime Minister inaugurated the headquarters of the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-Space) at Bhopal, Ahmedabad.

What is IN-Space?

  • The establishment of IN-Space was announced in June 2020.
  • It is an autonomous and single window nodal agency in the Department of Space for the promotion, encouragement and regulation of space activities of both government and private entities.
  • It also facilitates the usage of ISRO facilities by private entities.
  • It comprises technical experts for space activities along with safety expert, academic experts and legal and strategic experts from other departments.
  • It also comprises members from PMO and MEA of Government of India.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Space activities including building of launch vehicles and satellites and providing space-based services as per the definition of space activities.
  • Sharing of space infrastructure and premises under the control of ISRO with due considerations to on-going activities.
  • Establishment of temporary facilities within premises under ISRO control based on safety norms and feasibility assessment

How is it different from ANTRIX?

  • Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL), Bengaluru is a wholly owned Government of India Company under the administrative control of the Department of Space.
  • It is as a marketing arm of ISRO for promotion and commercial exploitation of space products, technical consultancy services and transfer of technologies developed by ISRO.
  • Antrix is engaged in providing Space products and services to international customers worldwide.

What about New Space India Limited (NSIL)?

  • It functions under the administrative control of the Department of Space (DOS).
  • It aims to commercially exploit the research and development work of ISRO Centers and constituent units of DOS.
  • The NSIL would enable Indian Industries to scale up high-technology manufacturing and production base for meeting the growing needs of the Indian space program.
  • It would further spur the growth of Indian Industries in the space sector.

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