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Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 22ND DECEMBER 2022

Question 7: which of the following types of disabilities have been included in the right of persons with disability act:

  1. Haemophilia
  2. Blindness
  3. Sickle cell disease
  4. Mental illness
  5. Acid attack victim

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1, 2, 3, and 5
  2. 2, 3, and 4
  3. 1, 2, and 3
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

Question 8: Consider the following statements:

  1. A variety of perennial wheat named PR23 is developed by China.
  2. Farmers needed to spray herbicide treatments more often on fields planted with PR23.
  3. The perennial plants mostly emit less methane than conventional ones do.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1 only

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • Recently, researchers at the Yunnan University (China) have developed a variety of perennial rice named PR23 by crossbreeding regular annual rice Oryza sativa with a wild perennial variety from Africa.
  • Perennial rice are varieties of long-lived rice that are capable of regrowing season after season without reseeding.
  • It can reduce the drudgery of annual trans-plantation which is a tough task and generate savings on seeds and other inputs.
  • Perennial rice like many other perennial plants can spread by horizontal stems below or just above the surface of the soil but they also reproduce sexually by producing flowers, pollen and seeds.
  • Methane emissions: Researchers also don’t know if the perennial plants emit less methane than conventional ones do.
  • Issue of weeds: Because farmers don’t till and plow as frequently with perennial rice, fungi and pathogens may build up in the soil, and weeds and insects can prosper in the fields.
  • Herbicide treatment: Farmers needed to spray herbicide treatments more often on fields planted with PR23.

Question 9: Consider the following statements:

  1. India is the world’s second largest rice producer after China and the largest exporter
  2. India has the largest area under rice cultivation.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • India is the world’s second largest rice producer after China and the largest exporter with a 40% share in global trade.
  • Production has increased from 53.6 million tons in FY 1980 to 120 million tons in FY2020-21.
  • India has the largest area under rice cultivation.
  • West Bengal has the highest production of rice in India.

Question 10: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Fujiwhara Effect is any interaction between tropical storms formed around the same time in the same ocean region with their centers or eyes at a distance of less than 1,400 km.
  2. The Fujiwhara Effect had been observed only once.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

  • Recently, two cyclones, namely super typhoon Hinnamnor & tropical storm Gardo started hovering around the central line between them, showcasing the Fujiwhara Effect.
  • The Fujiwhara Effect is any interaction between tropical storms formed around the same time in the same ocean region with their centers or eyes at a distance of less than 1,400 km, with intensity that could vary between a depression (wind speed under 63 km per hour) and a super typhoon (wind speed over 209 km per hour).
  • The first known instance of the effect was in 1964 in the western Pacific Ocean when typhoons Marie and Kathy merged.

Question 11: Consider the following statements:

  1. Kolkali is a folk-art form performed in the North Malabar region of Kerela.
  2. It drew elements from Kalaripayattu, a martial art practiced in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • Kolkali is a folk-art form performed in the North Malabar region of Kerala.
  • In Tamil Nadu, this art form is referred to as Kolattam and in Andhra Pradesh, as It is performed during the paddy harvest season.
  • It drew elements from Kalaripayattu, a martial art practiced in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Question 12: Consider the following statements:

  1. Government of India has decided to celebrate November 25 as ‘Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas’ to mark the birth anniversary of Tribal Freedom Fighter “Birsa Munda”.
  2. Birsa Munda is also known as Dharti Abba as he encouraged tribals to understand their cultural roots & observe unity.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • Government of India has decided to celebrate November 15 as ‘Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas’ to mark the birth anniversary of Tribal Freedom Fighter “Birsa Munda” from year 2021 onwards, who was not only a freedom fighter but also social reformer and led tribal movement, namely Ulgulan (Revolt) against exploitative systems of British Colonial Govt.
  • He is also known as Dharti Abba as he encouraged tribals to understand their cultural roots & observe unity.

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