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Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 26TH OCTOBER 2022

Question 5: Consider the following statements with respect to CCUS (Carbon capture, Utilisation and storage):

  1. Deployment of CCUS (Carbon capture, Utilisation and storage) is the part of India’s nationally determined contributions (NDC).
  2. More than 75% of current operating CCUS projects inject CO2 into oil producing reservoirs to enhance oil recovery.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2   

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • Currently, already 14 countries have declared CCS to be part of their NDC. India is not.
  • More than 75% of current operating CCUS projects inject CO2 into oil producing reservoirs to enhance oil recovery (EOR) whereas ~25% of the projects inject CO2 into dedicated geological formations.
  • Commercial storage in dedicated geological formations began in 1996 with Equinor’s Sleipner project in Norway, and it is slowly gaining traction.

Question 6: Consider the following statements with respect to Asset reconstruction company (ARC):

  1. It has been set up to provide a focused approach to Non-Performing Assets resolution on recommendations of Narasimham Committee- II.
  2. It is a company registered under SARFAESI Act, 2002.
  3. It is regulated by RBI as a Non-Banking Financial Company.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

    • ARC has been set up to provide a focused approach to Non-Performing Assets resolution on recommendations of Narasimham Committee- II.
    • It is a company registered under Section 3 of SARFAESI Act, 2002. It is regulated by RBI as a Non-Banking Financial Company.

Question 7: Consider the following statements with respect to The Trade, Development and the Environment Hub (TRADE Hub):

  1. It is a research network led by the United Nations Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
  2. It aims to overcome interacting challenges in agricultural commodities and wildlife trade.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The Trade, Development and the Environment Hub (TRADE Hub) project is a research network led by the United Nations Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
  • It aims to overcome interacting challenges in agricultural commodities and wildlife The project will run for 5 years (February 2019–February 2024).
  • Indonesia is a focus location of the hub. Activities here are led by CIFOR with partner organizations (ICRAF, WCS, RCCC UI, IPB and Unila). The TRADE Hub Indonesia will focus on trade in two agricultural commodities (palm oil and coffee), as well as wildlife (songbirds).

Question 8: Consider the following statements with respect to National green tribunal (NGT):

  1. Any person seeking relief and compensation for environmental damage involving subjects in the wildlife protection act 1972 may approach the tribunal.
  2. Decisions of the tribunal are binding.
  3. The Tribunal’s orders are enforceable as the powers vested are the same as in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

Who may submit cases to the Tribunal and what sort of cases are heard?

  • Any person seeking relief and compensation for environmental damage involving subjects in the legislations mentioned in Schedule I of the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 may approach the Tribunal.

The statutes in Schedule I are:

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
  3. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980;
  4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  5. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
  6. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
  7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.

The Tribunal has jurisdiction over all civil cases involving a substantial question relating to environment and the question. Additionally, any person aggrieved by an order/direction of any of the Appellate Authorities under the legislations mentioned above can also challenge them before the National Green Tribunal.

Do I need to engage an advocate to approach the Tribunal?

  • No, engaging an advocate is not necessary. Aggrieved parties may approach the Tribunal in person by submitting an application in the required format.

Are decisions of the Court binding?

  • Yes, decisions of the Tribunal are binding. The Tribunal’s orders are enforceable as the powers vested are the same as in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

Are decisions of the Tribunal final?

  • The Tribunal has powers to review its own decisions. If this fails, the decision can be challenged before the Supreme Court within ninety days.

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