EDEN IAS

Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 29TH DECEMBER 2022

Question 6: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership is a collaborative effort of India and UK.
  2. The Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership will facilitate partnership activities for interesting natural parks of the Indo-Pacific region.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership: The two Ministers agreed to jointly launch the Indo- French call for an Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership.
  • With French and Indian technical and financial support, the Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership will facilitate partnership activities for interesting natural parks of the Indo-Pacific region.
  • These activities include biodiversity conservation, wildlife management and engagement with local communities.
  • The Kaziranga project is a part of a larger Assam Project on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation (APFBC) for which the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) has committed funding of €80.2 million for a 10-year period, between 2014-2024.
  • The project conceptualized the reforestation of 33,500 hectares of land and the training of 10,000 community members in alternate livelihoods by 2024. But it is the 457 sq km Kaziranga National Park that remains the heart of the program.

Question 7: Consider the following statements:

  1. Kyrgyzstan shares border with Afghanistan.
  2. Tajikistan shares border with Kazakhstan.
  3. Kyrgyzstan shares border with Turkmenistan.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

A)  Only one statement is correct

B) Only two statements are correct

C)  No statement is correct

D) All the statements are correct

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

Question 8: Consider the following statements:

  1. The kit named Patho Detect is an RT-PCR-based kit for accurate detection of TB.
  2. Bacteria Mycobacteria cause diseases like TB and Leprosy in humans.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

A). 1 only

B). 2 only

C). 1 and 2 only

D). Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The kit has been named Path Detect MTB RIF and INH drug resistance kit.
  • The kit is an RT-PCR-based kit for accurate detection and will be used with Mylab Compact device systems – which will allow automated testing of multiple samples within two “This will be instrumental in supporting the country’s goal to eliminate TB by 2025 from India,”.
  • Presently there are two different tests to be conducted: one to detect TB and the other to check drug resistance – against only one drug (Rifampicin).
  • With this kit, there will be no liquid handling and it is a cartridge-based system. It can process eight samples per run and the machine weighs less than 50 kg.
  • Bacteria Mycobacteria cause diseases like TB and Leprosy in humans and others infect a wide range of in humans, TB most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB), but it can also affect other organs (extra-pulmonary TB).
  • TB is a treatable and curable disease.

Question 9: Consider the following statements:

  1. The 2Africa Pearls is one of the largest subsea cable systems in the world.
  2. The extension project seeks to cover landing locations in Oman, UAE and Qatar only.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

A). 1 only

B). 2 only

C). 1 and 2 only

D). Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

  • Bharti Airtel and Meta have decided to jointly invest in global connectivity infrastructure project that would extend the 2Africa Pearls (a subsea cable) to India.
  • The 2Africa Pearls is one of the largest subsea cable systems in the world. Its purpose is to provide faster internet connectivity to over 3 billion people by connecting Africa, Europe, and Asia.
  • When this 37,000-km-long subsea cable was launched in 2020, it connected 23 countries.
  • The extension project seeks to cover landing locations in Oman, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Pakistan, India, and Saudi Arabia.
  • The extension will increase the total length of the 2Africa cable system to more than 45,000 km, making it the world’s longest subsea cable system.

Question 10: Consider the following statements with respect to Circular trading in GST:

  1. Circular trading in GST refers to issuing of invoices in transactions among multiple companies without actual supply of goods.
  2. This approach of fraud helps companies to inflate their turnover and gain larger loans from financial institutions or banks.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

A). 1 only

B). 2 only

C). 1 and 2 only

D). Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

What is Circular Trading in GST?

  • Circular trading refers to issuing of invoices in transactions among multiple companies without actual supply of goods.
  • This is done to use input tax credit in the GST regime, meaning Circular Trading is a type of cycle that takes place when a company tries to create a flow of fake sales transaction with its collationed parties by producing fake invoices.
  • This type of cycle basically creates a huge financial impact on companies’ accounts.
  • This approach of fraud helps companies to inflate their turnover, gain larger loans from financial institutions or banks and also avail GST credits on every lap of transactions done, ultimately raising the black money.

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