EDEN IAS

Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 29TH OCTOBER 2022

Question 21: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Interpol cannot compel law enforcement authorities in any country to arrest the subject of a red notice.
  2. A Red Notice is only an international wanted persons’ notice; it is not an international arrest warrant.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • An RN is only an international wanted persons’ notice; it is not an international arrest warrant. Interpol itself does not want individuals; they are wanted by a country or an international tribunal.
  • This means the Interpol cannot compel law enforcement authorities in any country to arrest the subject of an It is up to individual member countries to decide what legal value to give to an RN, and the authority of their national law enforcement officers to make arrests.
  • The Interpol says that an RN must comply with its constitution and rules. It says on its website that “every Red Notice request is checked by a specialised task force to ensure it is compliant with (Interpol) rules”.
  • The Interpol argues that an RN is issued only after a competent court has taken cognisance of a chargesheet against the fugitive.

Question 22: Consider the following statements:

  1. A split verdict is passed when the Bench cannot decide one way or the other in a case, either by a unanimous decision or by a majority verdict.
  2. Split verdicts can only happen when the Bench has an even number of judges.
  3. In case of a split verdict, the case is heard by a larger bench.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

    • A split verdict is passed when the Bench cannot decide one way or the other in a case, either by a unanimous decision or by a majority verdict. Split verdicts can only happen when the Bench has an even number of judges. This is why judges usually sit in Benches of odd numbers (three, five, seven, etc.) for important cases, even though two-judge Benches — known as Division Benches — are not uncommon.
    • In case of a split verdict, the case is heard by a larger bench.
    • The larger Bench to which a split verdict goes can be a three-judge Bench of the High Court, or an appeal can be preferred before the Supreme In the case of the hijab verdict, the CJI, who is the ‘master of the roster’, will constitute a new, larger Bench to hear the matter.

Question 23: Consider the following statements:

  1. National Mission on Quantum Technology is conceptualized under the Department of Science & Technology (DST).
  2. Russia demonstrated quantum communication technology using the satellite Micius, by conducting a secret conference between two ground stations about 1,120 km apart.
  3. DRDO has successfully demonstrated communication between its two labs using Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) technology.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

National Mission on Quantum Technology:

  • The mission will function under the Department of Science & Technology (DST).
  • It will be able to address the ever-increasing technological requirements of society and take into account the international technology trends.
  • The mission will help prepare next-generation skilled manpower, boost translational research and also encourage entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem development.
  • Recently, DRDO has successfully demonstrated communication between its two labs using Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) technology.
  • In June 2020, China demonstrated quantum communication technology using the satellite Micius, by conducting a secret conference between two ground stations about 1,120 km apart. They used the satellite not to transmit the entire communication, but to simultaneously send a pair of secret keys to the two ground stations.

Question 24: Consider the following statements:

  1. Mission Karmayogi has been launched with the objective of enhancing governance through Civil Service Capacity Building.
  2. Public Human Resource Council (PMHRC) under the chairmanship of Home Minister is conceived to be the apex body for driving and providing strategic direction to civil service reforms and capacity building.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

  • The National Program for Civil Services Capacity Building (‘NPCSCB’) – “Mission Karmayogi” has been launched with the objective of enhancing governance through Civil Service Capacity Building.Mission Karmayogi will have the following six pillars: –
  1. Policy Framework,
  2. Institutional Framework,
  3. Competency Framework,
  4. Digital Learning Framework (Integrated Government Online Training Karmayogi Platform (iGOT-Karmayogi),
  5. Electronic Human Resource Management System (e-HRMS), and
  6. Monitoring and Evaluation Framework.
  • Prime Minister’s Public Human Resource Council (PMHRC): A Council under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister is conceived to be the apex body for driving and providing strategic direction to civil service reforms and capacity building.

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