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Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 6TH DECEMBER 2022

Question 11: The partner agencies to International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) is/are:

  1. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  2. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
  3. INTERPOL
  4. The World Customs Organization
  5. The World Bank

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1, 2 and 5
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 2 and 5
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • The International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) is the collaborative effort of five inter-governmental organizations working to bring coordinated support to the national wildlife law enforcement agencies and to the sub-regional and regional networks that, on a daily basis, act in defense of natural resources.
  • The partner agencies to ICCWC are the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Secretariat, INTERPOL, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the World Bank and the World Customs Organization (WCO).

Question 12: Consider the following statements:

  1. Artemis 2: Planned for 2026, will land a crewed spacecraft on the Southern pole of the moon.
  2. Luna 2: first spacecraft to impact the moon spacecraft was launched by USA.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • Luna 2: first spacecraft to impact the moon spacecraft was launched by USSR.
  • Artemis 2: Planned for 2024, It will be a crewed flight that will orbit the Moon but not land on the surface 
  • Artemis 3: Planned for 2026, will land a crewed spacecraft on the Southern pole of the moon.
  • Apollo 11: the first humans to land on the moon was launched by the USA.
  • Artemis I, formerly Exploration Mission-1, will be the first integrated flight test of NASA’s Deep Space Exploration Systems: the Orion spacecraft, Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, with the newly upgraded Exploration Ground Systems at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The primary operations goal of the mission is to assure a safe crew module entry, descent, splashdown, and recovery.
  • Artemis I will provide a foundation for human deep space exploration and demonstrate our commitment and capability to extend human existence to the Moon and beyond prior to the first flight with crew on Artemis II.

Question 13: The Crypto-Asset Reporting Framework or CARF was recently released by:

  1. World Bank
  2. OECD
  3. G20
  4. IMF

Correct Answer: B

Explanation

  • The Crypto-Asset Reporting Framework or CARF was recently released by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Question 14: Consider the following statements:

  1. Mata ni Pachedi is also called the Kalamkari of Gujarat.
  2. Patola is a double ikat woven fabric, usually made from silk in Nagaland.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: A

Explanation

Patan Patola?

  • Patola is a double ikat woven fabric, usually made from silk in Patan (North Gujarat). Ikat is a method of tie-dyeing the warp or weft before the cloth is woven.
  • It received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2013.
  • Mata ni Pachedi is also called the Kalamkari of Gujarat thanks to its resemblance to the art of Kalamkari from South India and the same method of painting, namely using a pen (kalam) made out of bamboo.
  • Mata ni pachedi means ‘behind the mother goddess’ and is a cloth that constitutes a temple of the goddess. The story goes that when the nomadic Vaghari community from Gujarat who worship Mata, were not allowed to enter temples, they instead created their own places of worship with illustrations of the Mother Goddess (Mata) on pieces of cloth.

Question 15: Consider the following statements:

  1. Barbados Program of Action (BPOA) stated that the difficulties SIDS (small island developing states) face in the pursuit of sustainable development.
  2. United Nations officially adopted the Small Island Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action, known as the SAMOA Pathway, to provide further aid and support to SIDS.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • In addition to common difficulties faced by developing countries, SIDS have an additional series of challenges to cope with that require special assistance from the international community.
  • These challenges were highlighted in the 1994 Barbados Program of Action (BPOA) and the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation (MSI) of 2005, both of which stated that the difficulties SIDS (small island developing states) face in the pursuit of sustainable development are particularly severe and complex.
  • Recognition of these issues was reinforced in September of 2014 when Member States of the United Nations officially adopted the Small Island Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action, known as the SAMOA Pathway.
  • Following Agenda 21, the Barbados Program of Action was introduced in 1994, in an effort to provide further aid and support to SIDS. Similarly, its ultimate aim was to improve sustainable development. It highlighted the challenges of converting Agenda 21 into precise strategies, movements and procedures at the national, regional and international level and listed fifteen areas of priority for specific action.

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