EDEN IAS

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR FORMATION OF INDIAN MONSOON | GS ARTICLES

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<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&nbsp;The shift of the position of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in summer, over the Ganga plain (this is the equatorial trough normally positioned about 5&deg;N of the equator. It is also known as the monsoon trough during the monsoon season).</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar, approximately at 20&deg;S over the Indian Ocean. The intensity and position of this high-pressure area affects the Indian Monsoon.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The Tibetan plateau gets intensely heated during summer, which results in strong vertical air currents and the formation of low pressure over the plateau at about 9 km above sea level. </span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The movement of the westerly jet stream to the north of the Himalayas and the presence of the tropical easterly jet stream over the Indian peninsula during summer</span></span></span></span></li>
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