EDEN IAS

FOLK PAINTINGS | GS ARTICLES

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<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>1. MADHUBANI PAINTINGS:</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Also called MITHILA PAINTINGS, art form practiced in Bihar.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Hindu religious motifs are drawn.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Traditionally, drawn on wall. Now also practiced on cloth.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; These are 2-D paintings, use doble line border, bold use of colours, ornate floral patterns and exaggerated facial features.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Mostly women practice this art.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; It is given GI tag.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>2. PATTACHITRA:</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Traditional painting of ODISHA, drawn on cloth.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Natural colors are used.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; No pencil or charcoal is used, rather brush is used.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Themes inspired from JAGANNATH and VAISHNAVA CULT.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>3. PATUA ART:</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Traditional art of WEST BENGAL.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Done on pats or scrolls.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Depict religious stories.</span></span></span></span></p>

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<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>4. KALIGHAT PAINTINGS</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Product of changing urban society of Calcutta.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Done by rural migrants.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Watercolors were used on mill paper.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Paintings depicted religious note.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; These paintings expressed social sentiments.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>5. PAITKAR PAINTINGS:</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Scroll paintings practiced by tribal people of JHARKHAND.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; These paintings have cultural association with MA MANSA , popular goddess of tribals</span></span></span></span></p>

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<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>6. KALAMKARI:</span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Name comes from kalam i.e., pen.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Base is cotton fabric while colors are vegetable dyes.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>&bull; Main centres of art are MACHILIPATNAM AND SRIKA-</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>LAHASTI in ANDHRA PRADESH.</span></span></span></span></p>

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