EDEN IAS

GUPTA ADMINISTRATION| GS ARTICLES

<p style=”text-align:justify”>&nbsp;</p>

<p style=”text-align:justify”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:normal”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span lang=”EN-IN” style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>According inscriptions, the Gupta kings assumed titles like<i>Paramabhattaraka, Maharajadhiraja, Parameswara, Samrat</i>and C<i>hakravartin</i>. The king was assisted in his administration bya council consisting of a chief minister, a Senapati or commanderin-chief of the army and other important officials. A high officialcalled <i>Sandivigraha</i>was mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions, most</span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”text-align:justify”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:normal”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span lang=”EN-IN” style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>probably minister for foreign affairs.</span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”text-align:justify”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:normal”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span lang=”EN-IN” style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The king maintained a close contact with the provincialadministration through a class of officials called <i>Kumaramatyas</i>and <i>Ayuktas</i>. Provinces in the Gupta Empire were known as <i>Bhuktis</i>and provincial governors as <i>Uparikas</i>. They were mostly chosenfrom among the princes. <i>Bhuktis</i>were subdivided into <i>Vishyas</i>ordistricts. They were governed by <i>Vishyapatis</i>. <i>Nagara Sreshtis</i>were the officers looking after the city administration. The villagesin the district were under the control of <i>Gramikas.</i></span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”text-align:justify”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:normal”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span lang=”EN-IN” style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Fahien&rsquo;s account on the Gupta administration provides usefulinformation. He characterises the Gupta administration as mild andbenevolent. There were no restrictions on people&rsquo;s movements andthey enjoyed a large degree of personal freedom. There was nostate interference in the individual&rsquo;s life. Punishments were not severe.</span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”text-align:justify”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:normal”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span lang=”EN-IN” style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Imposing a fine was a common punishment. There was no spy system.The administration was so efficient that the roads were kept safefor travelers, and there was no fear of thieves. He mentioned thatpeople were generally prosperous and the crimes were negligible.Fahien had also appreciatedthe efficiency of the Guptaadministration as he was able to travel without any fear throughoutthe Gangetic valley. On the whole the administration was more liberalthan that of the Mauryas.</span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p><span><img alt=”” src=”https://i.filecdn.in/476edenias/image-20201106112944-1-1604642386636.png” /></span></p>

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