EDEN IAS

INDEPENDENCE OF HIGH COURT | GS ARTICLES

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a high court:</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>1. Mode of Appointment</b>-The judges of a high court are appointed by the president (which means the cabinet) in consultation with the members of the judiciary itself (i.e., chief justice of India and the chief justice of the high court). </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>2. Security of Tenure-</b>The judges of a high court are provided with the security of tenure. They can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>3<b>. Fixed Service Conditions</b>-The salaries, allowances, privileges, leave and pension of the judges of a high court are determined from time to time by the Parliament. But, they cannot be changed to their disadvantage after their appointment except during a financial emergency. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>4. Expenses Charged on Consolidated Fund-</b>The salaries and allowances of the judges, the salaries, allowances and pensions of the staff as well as the administrative expenses of a high court are charged on the consolidated fund of the state. It should be noted here that the pension of a high court judge is charged on the Consolidated Fund of India and not the state.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>5. Conduct of Judges cannot be Discussed</b>-The Constitution prohibits any discussion in Parliament or in a state legislature with respect to the conduct of the judges of a high court in the discharge of their duties, except when an impeachment motion is under consideration of the Parliament. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>6. Ban on Practice after Retirement-</b>The retired permanent judges of a high court are prohibited from pleading or acting in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court and the other high courts. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>7. Power to Punish for its Contempt</b>-A high court can punish any person for its contempt. Thus, its actions and decisions cannot be criticised and opposed by anybody. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>8. Freedom to appoint its Staff</b>-The chief justice of a high court can appoint officers and servants of the high court without any interference from the executive. He can also prescribe their conditions of service. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>9. Its Jurisdiction cannot be curtailed-T</b>he jurisdiction and powers of a high court in so far as they are specified in the Constitution cannot be curtailed both by the Parliament and the state legislature. But, in other respects, the jurisdiction and powers of a high court can be changed both by the parliament and the state legislature. </span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″><b>10. Separation from Executive-</b>The Constitution directs the state to take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in public services.</span></span></span></span></p>

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