EDEN IAS

MARTIAL ARTS IN INDIA | GS ARTICLES

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>1. <b>KALARIPAYATTU (KERALA):</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; &ldquo;Kalari&rdquo; means battlefield. &ldquo;Payattu&rdquo; means combat/fighting.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Involves strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods, the footwork movement</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; It is believed to be the oldest surviving martial art in&nbsp; India.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Kathakali incorporates various routines from Kalaripayattu.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; It is believed that this art form was taught to early masters by Parashurama .</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>2. <b>MALLA YUDDHA:</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Unarmed wrestling style.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Four types:</span></span></span></span></p>

<ul>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>Hanumanti concentrates on technical superiority.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>Jambuvanti uses locks and holds to force the opponent into submission.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>Jarasandhi concentrates on breaking the limbs and joints while fighting.</span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-bottom:8px; margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>Bhimaseni focuses on sheer strength.</span></span></span></span></li>
</ul>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>3. <b>SILAMBAM (TAMIL NADU) :</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Oral folklore traces Silambam back several thousand years to the saintAgastya.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Movements of animals like snake, tiger, elephant and eagle used.Silambam&#39;s main focus is on the bamboo staff.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; &ldquo;Kuttuvarisai&rdquo; &ndash; a variant of silambam&amp; uses no weapon</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; It from Tamil Nadu to South east Asia</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>4. <b>GATKA (PUNJAB) :</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Martial art practiced by NIHANG Sikhs.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Gatka means &ndash; &ldquo;One whose freedom belongs to race&rdquo;</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Stick, Sword, kirpan or kataar used as weapon</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>5. <b>MUSTI YUDH (VARANASI):</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Unarmed wrestling style</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Punches, kicks, knees and elbow strikes used</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>6. <b>THANG TA (MANIPUR):</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Weapon Based martial art.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; &ldquo;Thang&rdquo; means sword. &ldquo;Ta&rdquo; means spear.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Other weapons used are shield and axe.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>7. <b>LATHI (NORTH INDIA)</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Weapon Based martial art in which cane is used.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; It is more popular more in villages</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>8. <b>MARDANI KHEL (MAHARASHTRA):</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Weapon base martial art developed by Marathas.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Mainly uses sword &amp; needs rapid movements</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>9. <b>PARI &ndash; KHANDA (BIHAR, WB, CHATISGARH)</b></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; Weapon based martial art developed by Rajputs.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; &ldquo;Pari&rdquo; means shield &amp; &ldquo;Khanda&rdquo; means sword.</span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:8px”><span style=”font-size:14px;”><span style=”line-height:107%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”color:#595959″>&bull; It have birth to Chhau dance</span></span></span></span></p>

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