EDEN IAS

NEWS IMPULSE – CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD| 25 SEPTEMBER

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<p style=”margin-bottom: 13px; text-align: center;”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:black”>SOURCE &ndash; THE HINDU</span></span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom: 13px; text-align: center;”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:black”>GS PAPER &ndash; 3</span></span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p>

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<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”>CONTEXT</span></span></b><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”>- CPCB recently celebrated its&nbsp;<b>46th Foundation Day</b></span></span></span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”>ABOUT CPCB</span></span></b></span></span></span></p>

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<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>The&nbsp;<b>Central Pollution Control Board</b>&nbsp;(CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change<span style=”color:#202122″>&nbsp;(Mo.E.F.C).</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>&nbsp;It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act, 1974. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>The CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981<span style=”color:#202122″>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>It Co-ordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>It is the apex organisation in country in the field of pollution control,</span></span></span></span></span><a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Pollution_Control_Board#cite_note-3″ style=”color:blue; text-decoration:underline”><sup><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#0b0080″>[3]</span></span></span></span></span></sup></a><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>&nbsp;as a technical wing of MoEFC</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>&nbsp;It is responsible for maintaining national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>zonal offices<span style=”color:#202122″>, tribal, and&nbsp;</span>local governments<span style=”color:#202122″>. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-bottom:13px; margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>It has responsibilities to conduct monitoring of water and air quality,</span></span></span></span></span><a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Pollution_Control_Board#cite_note-8″ style=”color:blue; text-decoration:underline”><sup><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#0b0080″>[8]</span></span></span></span></span></sup></a><span style=”font-size:12.0pt”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#202122″>&nbsp;and maintains monitoring data. The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
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