EDEN IAS

NEWS IMPULSE -TIANWEN-1| 9 FEBRUARY

<p><strong>Syllabus section: science and tech</strong></p>

<p><strong>Why in news?</strong><br />
China&#39;s Tianwen-1 space probe has sent back its first image of Mars. The image was released by the China National Space Administration (CNSA)</p>

<p><strong>About:</strong><br />
&bull; The Mars probe sent back a black and white photo, which shows geological features of Mars including the Schiaparelli crater and the Valles Marineris, a vast stretch of canyons on the Martian surface.<br />
&bull; The photo was taken about 2.2 million kilometers from Mars, as per the China National Space Administration.</p>

<p><strong>The Tianwen-1 Mission:</strong><br />
&bull; It will lift off on a Long March 5 rocket, from the Wenchang launch center.<br />
&bull; It will carry 13 payloads (seven orbiters and six rovers) that will explore the planet.<br />
&bull; It is an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover system.<br />
<strong>&bull; Orbiter:</strong> It is a spacecraft designed to orbit a celestial body (astronomical body) without landing on its surface.<br />
<strong>&bull; Lander:</strong> It is a strong, lightweight spacecraft structure, consisting of a base and three sides &quot;petals&quot; in the shape of a tetrahedron (pyramid-shaped). It is a protective &quot;shell&quot; that houses the rover and protects it, along with the airbags, from the forces of impact.<br />
<strong>&bull; Rover:</strong> It is a planetary surface exploration device designed to move across the solid surface on a planet or other planetary-mass celestial bodies.</p>

<p><strong>Source: Space.com</strong><br />
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