EDEN IAS

NEWS IMPULSE – VISION 2035: PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA | 15 DECEMBER

Syllabus section: Governance/Health Policies

 

Why in news?

NITI Aayog has released a white paper titled – Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India.

Key highlights

• Vision:

1. To make India’s public health surveillance system more responsive and predictive to enhance preparedness for action at all levels.

2. Citizen-friendly public health surveillance system will ensure individual privacy and confidentiality, enabled with a client feedback mechanism.

3. Improved data-sharing mechanism between Centre and states for better disease detection, prevention, and control.

4. India aims to provide regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a public health emergency of international concern.

• ‘Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India is a continuation of the work on health systems strengthening. It contributes by suggesting mainstreaming of surveillance by making individual electronic health records the basis for surveillance.

• Public Health Surveillance (PHS) cuts across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. Surveillance is ‘Information for Action’.

• The paper is a joint effort of Health Vertical, NITI Aayog, and Institute for Global Public Health, University of Manitoba, Canada with contributions from technical experts from the Government of India, States, and International agencies.

• Surveillance is an important Public Health function. It is an essential action for disease detection, prevention, and control. Surveillance is ‘Information for Action’.

• In 2035

1. India’s Public Health Surveillance will be a predictive, responsive, integrated, and tiered system of disease and health surveillance that is inclusive of prioritized, emerging, and re-emerging communicable and non-communicable diseases and conditions.

2. Surveillance will be primarily based on de-identified (anonymised) individual-level patient information that emanates from health care facilities, laboratories, and other sources.

3. Public Health Surveillance will be governed by an adequately resourced effective administrative and technical structure and will ensure that it serves the public good.

4. India will provide regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

 

Source: PIB

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