EDEN IAS

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES | GS ARTICLES

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one among the basic essential services provided by municipal authorities in the country to keep urban centres clean. However, almost all municipal authorities deposit solid waste at a dumpyard within or outside the city haphazardly</span></span></span></span></span></span></p>

<ul>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Ensure proper segregation of waste at source</span></span></span></b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″> and to ensure that the waste goes through different streams of recycling and resource recovery. Then reduced final residue is then deposited scientifically in sanitary landfills.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Informal recycling</span></span></span></b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>- In some urban centres, people working in the informal sector collect solid waste for each doorstep to get a collection fee and derive additional income from sale of recyclables.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>&nbsp;<b>Energy-from-waste</b> &ndash; it is a crucial element of SWM because it reduces the volume of waste from disposal also helps in converting the waste into renewable energy and organic manure.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Installation of waste-to-compost and bio-methanation plants</span></span></span></b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″> -Bio-methanation is a solution for processing biodegradable waste which is also remains underexploited</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Common waste treatment facility</span></span></span></b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″> – &nbsp;It uses waste as a resource by either using it as a co-fuel or co-raw material in manufacturing processes.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
<li style=”margin-bottom:13px; margin-left:8px”><span style=”font-size:11pt”><span style=”line-height:115%”><span style=”font-family:Calibri,sans-serif”><b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″>Bio-medical waste (management and handling) rules, 1998</span></span></span></b><span style=”background:white”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”><span style=”color:#333333″> prescribe that there should be a Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF) at every 150 kms in the country.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li>
</ul>

This will close in 0 seconds