EDEN IAS

Better Connectivity

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | BETTER CONNECTIVITY WILL TRANSFORM NORTHEASTERN STATE’S ECONOMY | 1ST JUNE | HINDUSTAN TIMES

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (INFRASTRUCTURE)

WHY IN THE NEWS?

  • Recently, while addressing the Natural Allies in Development and Interdependence (NADI) conclave in Guwahati, External Affairs Minister said that better connectivity between northeast states and neighboring countries bolsters India’s ties.
  • First, two conclaves were held in Shillong and Dhaka.

Significance of the Better Connectivity:

  • Greater land and sea connectivity between the northeastern states and neighbouring countries can build on India’s partnerships with ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) and Japan have a bearing on the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF).
  • Commercially it will open up the the way to Vietnam and the Philippines, from Haiphong to Hazira and from Manila to Mundra, will open up, creating an east-west lateral with sweeping consequences for the continent.
  • The countries in the region can overcome geography and get chances of development if they get policies and economics right.

What needs to be Done?

  • Improving connectivity between Bangladesh and the northeastern states,
  • Revival of railway links snapped by the 1965 India-Pakistan war
  • Building up of road infrastructure and agreements on the movement of goods through ports in the neighboring country

The steps India has taken to improve the connectivity:

  • Within India:
  • The restoration of six historical cross-border railway links snapped in 1965.
  • The Chilahati-Haldibari line will enhance Assam’s connectivity with Bangladesh, and a link from Akhaura in Bangladesh to Agartala in Tripura is being developed with an Indian grant.
  • Within Bangladesh:
  • India is collaborating on several road projects, including improving the Ashuganj river port-Akhaura land port road under an LoC of more than $400 million.
  • Connecting Baruerhat to Ramgarh on the border, will increase Tripura’s connectivity with Bangladesh,

 

  • Within Myanmar:

Infrastructure projects on the India-Myanmar border serve economic, people-to-people and security imperatives.

Efforts are on to make Sittwe Port operational at the earliest.

Natural Allies in Development and Interdependence (NADI)

  • “NADI uses the symbols and narratives of our shared rivers, and shared waters to encourage shared ideas on collaboration.
  • It emphasis on 5Cs: Connectivity, Culture, Commerce, Conservation and Collaboration in the Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin.
  • It aims at closer cooperation with countries in India’s eastern borders and beyond and helps forge strategic initiatives for energy and water security in the region.
  • This conclave gives us a remarkable opportunity to articulate a collective vision for our shared prosperity.
  • The potential of the North East is immense, but at present, the total percentage of India’s trade to Southeast Asia through the northeast is less than 2% of the total trade with ASEAN.

Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

Source: Hindustan Times

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