EDEN IAS

Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | GLOBAL PLATFORM FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION 2022 | 19TH JULY | DTE

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY)

WHY IN THE NEWS?

Recently, the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2022 (GP 2022) has taken place in Indonesia from May 23-28, 2022.

KEY DETAILS:

The outcome of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction 2022 was summarize in the co-chairs’ Bali Agenda for Resilience. The takeaways of the document were:

  • There is a need for a whole-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR), ensuring no one is left behind
  • DRR must be at the core of development and finance policies, legislation and plans to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
  • The real cost of disasters is that of inaction, which must be weigh against investments in DRR
  • Current greenhouse gas emission levels far exceed their mitigation, resulting in an increase in frequency and intensity of catastrophic events
  • A participatory and human rights-base approach in DRR planning and implementation is crucial as people are affect differently by disasters.
  • The development of multi-hazard early warning systems, inclusive of communities most at risk
  • The need for a transformative recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, to build back better, greener and more equitably
  • Recovery and reconstruction are most successful when they are community-driven and support existing local structures and resilience-building mechanisms
  • Ecosystems should be considered as critical infrastructure and recognize for their basic services, bringing environmental, socio-economic and cultural benefits
  • DRR and climate change adaptation have the common objective of reducing vulnerability and enhancing capacity as well as resilience
  • Risk understanding remains limited, particularly regarding emerging and future hazards, with government policies largely reactive

UNDRR:

  • It is the United Nations system’s focal point for disaster risk reduction and the custodian of the Sendai Framework, supporting countries and societies in its implementation, monitoring and review of progress.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
  • It was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda and provides Member States with concrete actions to protect development gains from the risk of disaster.

SOURCE: DTE

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