EDEN IAS

India Namibia Ink Pact

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | INDIA, NAMIBIA INK PACT ON CHEETAH RELOCATION | 21ST JULY | HINDUSTAN TIMES

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II ( BILATTERAL RELATIONS)

WHY IN THE NEWS?

India and Namibia signs a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for reintroduction of cheetahs into the historical range in India Namibia Ink Pact.

KEY-POINTS

  • The MoU aims to facilitate Cheetah conservation in both countries by way of exchange mof expertise, sharing of good practices in the field of wildlife conservation, use of technology and sustainable management of biodiversity.

According to the pact,

  • India will also train Namibian candidates in wildlife management courses at the Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
  • The Environment Ministry in collaboration with the WII and National Tiger Conservation Authority has identify Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh for the reintroduction of cheetah.
  • First eight cheetahs are expecting to be translocate from Africa in this Park.
  • The first batch of cheetahs comprising four male and as many female cheetahs will arrive from Namibia in August.
  • Current carrying capacity for Kuno National Park is a maximum of 21 cheetahs, once restored the larger landscape can hold about 36 cheetahs in India Namibia Ink Pact.
  • The carrying capacity can be further enhanced by including the remaining part of the Kuno Wildlife Division (1,280 sq km) through prey restoration.
  • The Ministry will also launch extensive awareness campaigns among the local communities and villages, encouraging them to be stakeholders in the project.
  • Cheetah managers and biologists from Africa will train Indian conservationists and forest officers.
  • The main goal of the Cheetah reintroduction project in India is to establish viable cheetah metapopulation in India that allows the cheetah to perform its functional role as a top predator and provides space for the expansion of the cheetah within its historical range thereby contributing to its global conservation efforts.
CHEETAH IN INDIA
  • The cheetah is the only large carnivore to have gone extinct in India, primarily due to hunting and habitat loss.
  • In 1952, the Indian government officially declared the Cheetah extinct in the country.
REINTRODUCTION OF CHEETAH
  • The State Wildlife Board of Andhra Pradesh was the first to suggest the policy in 1955, on an experimental basis in two districts of the state.
  • In the 1970s, the Department of Environment formally requested Iran, which had 300 Asiatic cheetahs at the time, for some cheetahs. However, the deal was not materialize.
  • Attempts to bring cheetahs to India were revived once more in 2009, and the Wildlife Trust of India conducted a meeting to discuss the feasibility of cheetah reintroduction.

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES

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