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IPBES assessment report

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | IPBES ASSESSMENT REPORT ON THE SUSTAINABLE USE OF WILD SPECIES | 11TH JULY | DTE

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY)

WHY IN THE NEWS?

A report released by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services IPBES assessment report has stated that about 50,000 wild species globally can meet the needs of billions of people.

KEY DETAILS:

  • Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Assessment Report offers insights, analysis and tools to establish more sustainable use of wild species of plants, animals, fungi and algae around the world.
  • Sustainable use is when biodiversity and ecosystem functioning are maintain while contributing to human wellbeing.

FINDING OF THE REPORT:

  • Humans depend on 50,000 wild species for food energy, medicine, material and other purposes through fishing, gathering, logging and terrestrial animal harvesting globally.
  • Sustainable use of wild species is central to the identity, existence and livelihood of many indigenous peoples and local communities.
  • Overexploitation is identifying as the main threat to wild species in marine ecosystems and second greatest threat in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystem.
  • Drivers like landscape and seascape changes, climate change, pollution and invasive alien species impact abundance and distribution of wild species.
  • Fairness, rights and equitable distribution of benefits are essential to ensure the sustainable use of wild species.
INTERGOVERNMENTAL SCIENCE-POLICY PLATFORM ON BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES (IPBES)
  • IPBES (Secretariat: Bonn, Germany) is an independent intergovernmental platform.
  • It was establish in 2012.
  • It is committed to strengthening the role of science in public decision-making on biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

SOURCE: DTE

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