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monkeypox

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | MONKEYPOX IS PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY OF INTERNATIONAL CONCERN (PHEIC): WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO) | 26TH JULY | DTE

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (HEALTH ISSUES)

WHY IN NEWS?

The World Health Organization (WHO) has triggered the highest alert against the monkeypox, a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC).

PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY OF INTERNATIONAL CONCERN (PHEIC) 

  • PHEIC is the highest level of alert the global health body can issue.
  • Only polio and SARS-CoV-2 were ongoing PHEIC prior to monkeypox.
  • Five factors that influenced the decision:
  1. Information provided by the countries.
  2. The three fulfilled criteria for declaring a PHEIC UNDER THE International Health Organization.
  3. Advice of the Emergency Committee.
  4. Scientific principles and evidence which remains unclear.
  5. The risk to human health.
  • So far this year, there have been 15000 cases of monkey pox in more than 60 countries

About Monkey pox

  • Monkey pox is cause by monkey pox virus, a member of the Orthopox virus genus in the family Pox viridae.
  • It is a viral disease that spreads via close contact and tends to cause flu-like symptoms and pus-fill skin lesion.
  • Monkey pox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of central and west Africa and is occasionally export to other regions.
  • The current outbreak is unlike any previous one outside of Africa in that there is sustained person-to-person transmission of the infection.
  • It has been spreading chiefly in men who have sex with men in the recent outbreak outside Africa, where it is endemic.
  • The first human case of monkey pox was recorded in 1970.
  • Monkey pox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases can occur. In recent times, the case fatality ratio has been around 3–6%.

Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

SOURCE: DTE

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