EDEN IAS

Action Agenda on Internal Displacement

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | UNITED NATION (UN) SECRETARY-GENERAL LAUNCHES ACTION AGENDA ON INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT | 28TH JUNE | DTE

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (INTERNATIONAL ISSUES)

WHY IN THE NEWS?

Recently, Action Agenda on Internal Displacement sets out 31 commitments by the UN system to better resolve, prevent and address internal displacement crises

MORE DETAILS:

  • Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are people who are forced to flee their homes due to armed conflict, generalized violence, violations of human rights, or natural or human-made disasters, climate change impacts but who remain within their own country.
  • Number of IDPs has reached more than 59 million people (2021). India also saw 4.9 million internal displacements in 2021.
  • Challenges face by IDPs: High risk of physical attack, sexual assault and abduction, deprived of adequate shelter, food and health services etc.

The agenda

  • The Action Agenda on Internal Displacement has three overarching goals:
  • To better prevent future displacement crises
  • To ensure stronger protection and assistance for those currently facing displacement.
  • These three goals are interlinked. No solution is sustainable if another crisis is looming
  • Action agenda also talks about solutions to internal displacement including:
  • High level leadership and a whole of government approach by national and international authorities.
  • Stepped up earlier and more predictable engagement of UN.
  • To help internally displaced persons find durable solutions
  • Engaging Private Sector- particularly in supporting the recovery of livelihoods. Relevant mechanisms to collect, manage and use internal displacement data.
India and IDP:
  • India saw 4.9 million internal displacements last year.
  • In India Internally displaced persons falls into following categories:
  • Displacements due to natural disasters,
  • Development activities,
  • Violence and Conflict
  • India has a policy in place for dam-displaced people. But it does not have one for those displaced by political conflict or environmental reasons.

Source: DTE

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