EDEN IAS

THE SHIMLA AGREEMENT

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | THE SHIMLA AGREEMENT: AN IMPERFECT PEACE | 05TH JULY | HINDUSTAN TIMES

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS I (POST INDEPENDENCE INDIA)

WHY IN THE NEWS:

The accord completes 50 years today. There was and remains a sense that India had squandered a great military victory in The Shimla Agreement. But the evidence suggests that a better deal was not possible, given the fractious nature of Pakistani politics

MORE DETAILS:

  • It laid a comprehensive blueprint for good neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan.
  • It was signed to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war.

KEY PRINCIPLES OF SHIMLA AGREEMENT

  • UN Charter principles and purposes to govern relations between two nations.
  • Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all issues through direct bilateral approaches.
  • To build the foundations of a cooperative relationship with special focus on people to people contacts.
  • To uphold the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir, which is a most important Confidence Building Measures between India and Pakistan, and a key to durable peace.
  • Respect for each other’s national unity, territorial integrity, political independence and sovereign equality.
  • While India has faithfully observed the Shimla Agreement principles, Pakistan did not live up to its initial promises as:
  • It keeps raising the Kashmir issue at international forums and involves third parties to find a solution. Frequent Line of Control Violations.

Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES

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